Protect our kids: Whooping cough.

Protect our kids: Whooping cough.

This disease seem too stubborn to leave, it keeps reoccurring. It’s just too persistent I thought when I saw the precautionary message on TV. Whooping cough, a respiratory tract infection derived its name from the sound that’s heard when one with the disease coughs. It is a communicable disease that can be transferred from one person to another. It’s majorly an infant infection caused by a bacterium Bordetella pertussis; it is different from tuberculosis.

Who is at risk?

Children between ages 0 to 5 are at higher risk of whooping cough because there are no visible symptomd and the infection may lead to lung infection, difficulty in breathing, and in some major cases, death in infants. Nevertheless, adults fond of kids or guardian or patients or siblings or care-givers are also vulnerable. Whooping cough can cause pneumonia, weight loss due to continuous vomiting, permanent brain damage, and death if it is in the chronic stage. People whose whopping cough vaccination is worn-out are also at risk.

pertussis-baby-two-lg

How does it Spread?

The transfer of the disease occur when an infected person sneezes or coughs and when infected air droplets are released and inhaled.

How does it start?
The scenario starts with a repeated dry and irritating cough that moves into intense bouts of coughing which is followed by a special whooping noise. The cough sometimes may last for 2-3 months; it is also referred to as the 100 days infection in some countries because of the long period of infection. In 2014 worldwide, there were about 139,786 reported cases and about 89,000 estimated deaths.

What are the signs?

Well, they are in stages.
First stage: It starts with a sore throat then occasional coughing and running noise.
Second stage: The whooping sound starts. Burst (paroxysmal) and rapid coughing occurs. The mucus at this stage is thicker than the first stage. The skin of children turn blue and their brain begin to swell and damage due to insufficient oxygen. Some children experience brain seizures and become vulnerable to pneumonia because they are immuno-suppressed. Vomiting occurs at night and the burst of cough occurs more. This stage last for up to 6 weeks and might last for 10 weeks.
Third Stage: The burst of cough reduces gradually but doesn’t stop because of some infections.

How do I protect yourself?

Get immunised! Infants and children under age 5 should get vaccinated. Pregnant women should also get vaccinated to protect their unborn and new born. If you are close to an infant person, you can take antibiotics prescribed by a physician to protect yourself against the infection.

What if I get infected?

Once you notice any of those symptoms above, seek medical attention immediately. Sputum or nasal swab will be collected, cultured, and viewed under the microscope to confirm if the person is truly infected with Bordetella pertussis.
If infection is in the early stage, an antibiotic will be prescribed (It will only stop the bacterium from spreading).
Do not smoke or use air sprays.
Drink a lot of water to avoid being drained.
Use a cool mist vaporiser to loosen mucus and soothe the respiratory tracts.
Infected persons may also be isolated in the hospital to avoid transmission of infection to other people.

Summary

Whooping cough is not a friendly disease and it is easily contagious.
Little children and new born are highly at risk and must be vaccinated for protection in order to reduce death rate.
Try as much as you can to cover your mouth with a clean handkerchief when sneezing or coughing. Mothers should be sensitive to their children’s health and once any symptom is noticed, seek medical advice at once. Do not self – medicate so that the bacterium will not become resistant to antibiotics. Some bacteria unlike Bordetella pertussis are a part of our human system.
Let us protect our young ones against this harmful infection. They are our future.
We must safeguard the health of our future ones.

Kick Against Whooping Cough!

Download this for your kids: http://www.cdc.gov/pertussis/downloads/bam-villain-for-kids-fs.pdf

Read more: http://www.who.int/topics/pertussis/en/ 

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/whooping-cough/basics/definition/con-20023295

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Dementia Friend

Dementia Friend

At one point or the other we will all die and anything can kill us. Some say it can happen by a car accident or an health issue or sleep or gun etc. Honestly, I do not desire to argue about it because it is somewhat true.

Ever heard of Dementia? Sure some have and if you have no idea please check here for all the details you need. It is not a normal part of ageing but it majorly affects older people. There’s been a lot of sad stories about our aged especially in underdeveloped and developing countries; some developed countries are either still in the dark about dementia or finding it difficult to manage it. My loving grandmother for instance, died without us realising that dementia was the issue aside diabetes.

Over 47.5 million people live with dementia worldwide and the prevalence of dementia is projected to increase in the nearest future. Dementia has a whole lot of symptoms which if not properly diagnosed might lead to complications or death. My grandmother was a very hardworking woman but she began to lose her memory, she could not recognise her kids, said awkward things, and acted strangely. Yes some people might say it’s normal for old people to be like that but I have also heard of healthy aged people in their 100s and some even died very healthy. demen

The issue today is addressing how we should understand our aged and take proper care of them. Although not fully confirmed, it is suspected that there is a relationship between vitamin D and dementia. One of the reasons is because the production of vitamin D occurs in several areas in the brain. If that be the case why do we not try balancing the vitamins in our bodies until it is confirmed? Vitamins and minerals are necessary for body building, however, supplements can be dangerous to our health.

Proper exercise and sleep could also help reduce the risk of dementia so people need to start sleeping “properly”. I am not a fan of sleeping-pills as it’s side effects are not friendly. . . Work hard but rest very well.

In a nutshell, adults especially older adults should be given adequate and proper attention when they begin to show signs of dementia. Do not see their situation as “nemesis catching up with them” or a “spiritual curse” or a “burden” to you. It’s hard for dementia-patients already that they cannot remember things or who they used to be or love, yelling at or ignoring them will only make it more difficult for them. If you cannot take proper care of them for whatever reasons (which is not so cool), send them to a home where they will recieve adequate care and treatment.

We will all die one day by something but let’s not die without showing love. Remember we will all age at some point and will require help and care. . . So give help to a dementia patient today. Become a dementia friend today.

Eat healthy, sleep properly, grow properly, and stay healthy!

 

For more information on dementia:

http://www.sciencedaily.com/videos/09585a5babcf4fd4bef6b363876915f5.htm

http://www.alzheimersblog.org/2014/05/09/test-youre-alzheimers/

http://www.sciencedaily.com/videos/489191.htm

http://www.who.int/mental_health/publications/dementia_report_2012/en/

https://www.agingcare.com/Articles/help-a-senior-with-dementia-who-wanders-167541.htm

http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs362/en/

Black Cup: Drink, Yes or No?

Black Cup: Drink, Yes or No?

Well, today I decided to share something I worked on with you all. . .

It’s a controversial one though; it’s about a drink– coffee.

Coffee is loved by many people including me. Infact, millions of people consume coffee worldwide everyday.

It is a beverage consumed for many reasons; it’s aroma gets me lifted! Apart from the aroma, students love to drink it so they can “burn the midnight candle” while workers consume it to accelerate their output. Just like every commodity, coffee is a two-sided beverage with both pros and cons. Infact research presumes that the pros outweighs the cons. The presence of caffeine in coffee they say makes it a “suspect” of some health problems.  Among the benefits of coffee intake are: improvement in the body performance, mind performance, reduction in the risk of Parkinson’s disease,  cardiovascular disease, and other non-communicable diseases which seems like WoW! Nonetheless, the existence of cons cannot be denied; even though coffee helped my reading and assimilation, I was always left with a migraine after my exams back then in the University. I had mood swings, ate less, and began to reason slowly than I would normally; depression and anger set in, I even got addicted. . . The truth is, I stopped coffee consumption because of these effects and transferred my affection to other drinks of which I later realised contained caffeine. Coke, cholocate bars, cappucino, decaffeinated coffee, energy drinks, laté, even tea contain some amount of caffeine!

The question therefore on the lips of researchers and myself remains should I drink coffee or not? What quantity is good? What is the level of risk?  

Like other lovers of coffee and some researchers, moderation is advised . . .

You can consume coffee and still stay healthy . . .

Drink coffee andother caffeine-containing drinks RESPONSIBLY!

Stay informed!

 

References

Costa, J., Lunet, N., Santos, C., Santos, J., & Vaz-Carneiro, A. (2010). Caffeine exposure and the risk of Parkinson’s disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease, 20, 221-238.

Davis, J., & Green, J. M. (2009). Caffeine and anaerobic performance. Sports Medicine, 39(10), 813-832.

Dillan, J. (2013). 7 Negative Effects of Coffee. Retrieved 27 January, 2015 from http://www.healthambition.com/negative-effects-of-coffee/

European Food Safety Authority. (2011). Scientific opinion on the substantiation of health claims related to caffeine and increase in physical performance during short-term high-intensity exercise (ID737, 1486, 1489), increase in endurance performance (ID737, 1486, 1489), increase in endurance capacity (ID1488) and reduction in the rated perceived exertion/effort during exercise (ID 1488, 1490) pursuant to article 13 (1) of regulation (EC) No 1924/2006. EFSA Journal, 9 (4), 2053.

Hensrud, D (2014) Is coffee good or bad for me. Retrieved 27 January, 2015 from http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-living/nutrition-and-healthy-eating/expert-answers/coffee-and-health/faq-20058339 

Institute for Scientific Information on Coffee. (2013). Coffee & Cancer. Coffee and health http://www.coffeeandhealth.org/media-centre/research-overview.

Institute for Scientific Research on Coffee. (2013). Coffee and your health all about coffee. Retrieved  21 March, 2014 from http://www.coffeeandhealth.org/all-about-coffee.

Ker, J., Edwards, P.J., Felix, L.M., Blackhall, K., & Roberts, I. (2010). Caffeine for the prevention of injuries and errors in shift workers. Cochrane Database Systematic Review, 12(5).

Lucas, M., Mirzaei, F., Pan, A, Okereke, O.I., Willett, W.C., O’Reilly, E.J., Koenen, K., & Ascherio, A. (2011). Coffee, caffeine, and risk of depression among women. Arch Intern Med, 171, 1571-8 doi: 10.1001/archinternmed.2011.393.

Michaelis, K. (2010) How to end your coffee addiction. Retrieved 27 January, 2015 from http://www.foodrenegade.com/how-to-end-your-coffee-addiction/

Schmitt, J.A., Benton, D., & Kallus, K.W. (2005). General methodological considerations for the assessment of nutritional influences on human cognitive functions. European Journal of Nutrition, 44, 459-464.

World Health Organisation. (1990). International classification of diseases—10 classification of mental and behavioral disorders: diagnostic criteria for research. World Health Organization: Geneva.